1771 阅读 2020-09-24 11:43:13 上传
时 间： 2020.10.07
形 式： 在线
人 数： 300
Title：Morphology in Child and Adult Learners’Spoken Language Comprehension
Speaker: Harald Clahsen
Time: 2020 年10月7日,15:00-16:30,星期三
(Hong Kong time)
About the Speaker
Harald Clahsen is an Alexander-von-Humboldt professor at the University of Potsdam. Before his current position, he worked in the Department of Language and Linguistics at the University of Essex between 1993 and 2011. His main research interests are in multilingualism, grammatical processing, and language disorders. He published 9 books and more than 150 research articles. He received multiple reputable awards for his work in language, including the Gerhard-Hess Award from the German Science Foundation. He is the co-editor of Bilingualism: Language and Cognition.
作者简介—Harald Clahsen 教授1993年至2011年在埃塞克斯大学语言系工作，现任波茨坦大学教授，他的主要研究方向是multilingualism, grammatical processing, and language disorders，出版著作9部，研究论文150余篇。因在语言方面的突出表现而获得多个奖项，包括德国科学基金会颁发的Gerhard-Hess 奖，并且他还是《 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition》的联合主编。
Morphology in Child and Adult Learners’ Spoken Language Comprehension
Potsdam Research Institute for Multilingualism, University of Potsdam, Germany
Language acquisition research has traditionally focused on the development of linguistic knowledge in spoken and written language production. Successful acquisition of linguistic knowledge, on the other hand, presupposes the ability to comprehend and process the linguistic input the language learner is exposed to. While most previous psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic research on language comprehension has focused on mature speakers in their native language (L1), several recent experimental studies have also examined the mechanisms that language learners employ during comprehension. In this talk I will present results from some of our recent experimental studies on morphologically complex words in child and adult learners’ spoken language comprehension.
My focus will be on two morphological phenomena. Study 1 examined verb inflection in German (specifically past participle formation) using cross-modal lexical priming experiments. Study 2 examined plurals inside compounds in English using eye-movement monitoring during listening as well as acceptability judgements. We tested both mature and child L1 speakers as well as advanced adult second language (L2) learners, L1 Russian speakers for study 1 and L1 German speakers for study 2. I will make two main arguments, firstly, that morphological processing in both the L1 and the L2 can best be understood in terms of a lexical (i.e. word-specific) storage/retrieval system plus a grammatical system of (rule-like) computations (dual system hypothesis), and secondly, that the division of labour between these two systems is substantially different in child L1 and adult L2 learners. While developmental changes in children’s performance on morphologically complex words are attributable to lexical learning and advances in lexical retrieval, L2 performance in this domain indicates a reduced sensitivity to morphological structure and analysis relative to L1 processing, and greater reliance on non-structural (e.g. lexical) information sources during language comprehension instead (shallow-structure hypothesis).
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